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PP vs. HDPE

HDPE Material

Polyethylene is a kind of thermoplastic polymers, which means that it turns into liquid by reaching its melting point and turns into solid by reaching its freezing point. Polyethylene is a chemical synthesis of ethylene, usually made up of a mixture of crude oil and natural gas. Polyethylene is widely used in the production of all kinds of plastic accessories used in the kitchen and food industries. LDPE is used in the manufacture of light plastic containers as well as plastic bags. LDPE is used in the manufacture of taps and liquid containers and all kinds of plastic kitchen appliances. MDPE is commonly used in the production of plastic pipes and plumbing fittings.

Advantages of polyethylene

Galvanic corrosion resistance
Resistance to decay, abrasion and impact
Proper flexibility
Collapsibility
Light Weight
Excellent resistance to earthquakes and landslides
Highly connectible, leak-proof, and flexible
High resistance to ultraviolet rays of the sun
Having very good hydraulic characteristics
Low maintenance cost

Polypropylene - PP - Types and specifications

polypropylene is a polymer with a variety of applications and is used to make fibers, films, household appliances and even car bumpers.

Advantages of polypropylene:

Lighter polymer with low density
High melting point
The final application temperatures are around 212 F
Good chemical resistance against hydrocarbons, alcohols and non-oxidizing reagents. • Good fatigue strength.

Disadvantages and limitations of polypropylene:

Destroys through UV.
Flammable, but its commercial types are available.
It is attacked by chlorinated solvents and aromatics.
It is difficult to link.
Several metals accelerate oxidative degradation.

Types of Polypropylene Applications:

Packaging: Flexible packaging films, packaging films that are oriented bi-axially.
Fabric: directed single-strand stitched, special ribbon for textiles, carpet weavers, isolated medical fabrics and woven carpet back covers.
Personal and medical care: health precautions, household goods and medical trays, colanders, kitchen sieves and hollow dishes.
Consumable goods: caps, upper caps, sprays, rigid and semi-rigid packaging, toys, electrical hardware, home appliances and their constituent parts, outfit and outdoors appliances in open air and luggage.

Comparison of plastics in the pipe industry

In the world, four major types of plastics are currently being used in the cold and hot drinking water piping industry. EN12202 (ISO 15874 and EN 12108) have introduced the names of these plastics as follows:

PP-H  ٬ PP-B ٬ PP-R Triple polypropylene types
CPVC chlorinated soft PVC
PB Polybutylene
Pex (PEX) lattice polyethylene
 

Table 22 - Plastics introduced in EN12202, EN12108 standards

In the following tables presented, the physical and resistance features of these plastics have been studied and compared
It should be noted that the comparison of the lifetime of these plastics in the pipe industry was first carried out by Aria Kavan Qeshm Company and its standard reference is also stipulated. Of course, in some cases it refers to the DIN standard, and some also refer to the ISO standard, which in most cases are similar to each other and comparison of the results of their experiments is possible.
In addition, on the following pages, two comparisons conducted by Harington and Main Industries have been shown that they do not mention all the four major types of plastics in the water plumbing industry; it seems that the properties of the main polymer are intended and the properties of pipes made from polymer have not been investigated.
Comparison of the life and resistance of the plastic pipes against temperature according to global standards

Temperature per centigrade continuously throughout the day and night
Standard Name of pipe polymer 20 40 50 60 70 80 90 95
ISO 12230 PB Mpa 13/6
50 years
Mpa 11/5
50 years
Mpa 10/3
50 years
Mpa 9
50 years
Mpa 7/6
50 years
Mpa 6/1
50 years
Mpa 4/7
25 years
Mpa 4
15 years
DIN 16892
DIN16893
PEX Mpa 9/5
50 years
Mpa 7/8
50 years
Mpa 7
50 years
Mpa 6
50 years
Mpa 5/4
50 years
Mpa 4/6
25 years
Mpa 4/2
15 years
Mpa 4
10 years
DIN 8080 CPVC Mpa 26
50 years
Mpa 18
50 years
Mpa 14
50 years
Mpa 11
50 years
Mpa 8/5
50 years
Mpa 6/5
5 years
Mpa 4/8
4 years
Mpa 4/2
1 years
ISO 3213 PP-R Mpa 9/7
50 years
Mpa 6/9
50 years
Mpa 5/8
50 years
Mpa 4/8
50 years
Mpa 3/2
50 years
Mpa 2/4
25 years
Mpa 1/8
15 years
Mpa 1/6
10 years
ISO 3213 PP-B Mpa 8/7
50 years
Mpa 5/8
50 years
Mpa 3/8
50 years
Mpa 2/6
50 years
Mpa 1/8
50 years
Mpa 1/5
25 years
Mpa 1/2
15 years
Mpa 1/2
10 years
ISO 3213 PP-H Mpa 10
50 years
Mpa 7
50 years
Mpa 5/8
50 years
Mpa 4/7
50 years
Mpa 3
50 years
Mpa 2/3
25 years
Mpa 1/8
15 years
Mpa 1/6
10 years
ISO/TR9080 PE Mpa 6/2
50 years
Mpa 3/5
25 years
- Mpa 1/8
10 years
- Mpa 1/3
1 years
(0) (0)
DIN 8075 HDPE Mpa 8/2
50 years
Mpa 3/5
50 years
Mpa 3/2
12 years
Mpa 2/3
10 years
Mpa 2/8
5 years
Mpa 2/2
2 years
Mpa 1/7
5 years
(0) (0)
DIN 8062
ISO 4422
PVC
UPVC
Mpa 6
50 years
Mpa 2/5
50 years
Mpa 2/5
30 years
Mpa 1/5
30 years
(0) (0) (0) (0)
 

Table 23 - Comparative assessment of life span of some polymers based on related standards

Physical and functional disadvantages of some plastics compared to AK pipes
1. PB is expensive and turns into hose by decrease in the thickness and will be crushed against the pressure of soil and materials.
2. PEX is expensive and its joints are non-weldable (PEX thermoand cannot be recycled nor welded).
3. CPVC has a life span of 15 years at 70 ° C for and only 5 years at 80 ° C.
4. PE and HDPE have a life span of 10 years at 60 ° C.
5. PVC tolerates a maximum temperature of 60 ° C with less than 1/5 atmospheres with a maximum thickness of 4.3 mm and a diameter of 20 mm that cannot be produced. The PVC is practically not produced at nominal pressures greater than 10 atmospheres, but it is also referred to as its 16 and 25 atmosphere types in the aforementioned standard.
6. PP-B is weaker than PP-R and PP-H in terms of resistance to heat. (It is more resistant to impact and lower temperatures.)
7. Most pipes in the country and in the world, which are manufactured with thin-walled pipes with polymer stuff, are bonded to each other by compressive, screw thread or adhesive, so these connections are much weaker than PP welded joints. It should be noted that all the above polymers, except for PP, have non-welded joints due to reasons such as expensiveness or impossibility of producing high thickness, and O-rings or washers are used in them; the lifetime of O-ring and washer is significantly lower than the original polymer. They are particularly damaged in the hot water system and produce leakage.

Table 24 - Comparison of properties of some plastics adopted from Harington

Physical and functional advantages of PP compared with other plastics according to Harington
1. PP is the lightest. (Here, PP is a type one homopolymer polypropylene)
2. PP has less water absorption than PVC and CPVC.
3. PP has a tensile strength modulus more than PE, HDPE and PEX.
4. PP has an elasticity greater than PE and HDPE.
5. PP has a flexural strength equal to HDPE and more than PEX.
6. PP has an isodized impact resistance of 30 ° more than PVC and less than the rest.
7. PP has a higher compressive resistance than HDPE and PEX.
8- This table can be extracted from the Internet by naming Harington.

Table 25. Comparison of the properties of some polymers based on Main Industries Institute information

Comparison of properties of some polymers based on Main Industries Institute information
1. The specific gravity of PP is less than the rest.
2. Tensile strength of PP is higher than HDPE and PB.
3. The modulus of elasticity of PP is higher than HDPE and PB.
4. PVC and CPVC are sensitive to impact and PP are somewhat sensitive but HDPE and PB are resistant to impact and are not sensitive.

HDPE Pipe


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